LEVEL: Elementary

OBJECTIVES: The students should be able to:

1. identify verbs
2. identify the past tense of irregular verbs
3. distinguish between regular and irregular verbs

MATERIALS: Flashcards of selected irregular verbs (words in plain form and their past tense), pocket chart or masking tape, board, Grammar Worksheet on Past Tense of Irregular Verbs, bell, scratch paper

TIME FRAME: Around 45 minutes


1.) It is assumed that the students know what verbs are and the past tense of regular verbs before this lesson is taught.

2.) Call volunteers who will act out the selected verbs. The volunteer will draw a flashcard and act out the verb written there while the rest of the class will guess the word. After each correct guess, place the flashcard inside the pocket chart. In the absence of pocket charts, use masking tape instead to tape the words downward on the board.

Selected Words:

eat, think, see, fly, sit, stand, write, sing, drink, sleep, run, draw

3.) Let the class read all the words on the board/inside the pocket chart. Then, use a TPR (total physical response) activity by asking the class to stand up and to act out the words on the board/inside the pocket chart that you will point to.

4.) Tell the class that the words they see on the board or inside the pocket chart are called irregular verbs. Ask them if they remember regular verbs and how the past tense is formed when using regular verbs.

5.) Show them another set of flashcards. Tell them that this set shows the past tense of each irregular verb on the board/inside the pocket chart. Choose students who will match the verb with its corresponding past tense. It is okay for them to commit mistakes.

ate, thought, saw, flew, sat, stood, wrote, sang, drank, slept, ran, drew

6.) Read the past tense of each word aloud with the class. Ask them what happened to the words (the spelling has changed). Tell them that the main difference between an irregular verb and a regular verb is the way the past tense is formed. Give them time to copy the list on the board.

7.) Give them the worksheet for this lesson. Tell them that the worksheet has additional irregular verbs. They can guess the past tense of these verbs. Give them a time limit.

8.) Ask the class to check their work as you give the correct answer.

9.) Call students randomly and ask them to use the past tense of each word on the board/inside the pocket chart in a sentence. They can also get from the worksheet.

10.) Put away the verbs on the board/inside the pocket chart and ask the students to tuck away their worksheets. Then, divide the class into groups of four. Tell them that you will say a verb from the list on the board before and from their worksheets and in five seconds the group’s scribe will write the group’s answer, which is the past tense of that verb. Use a bell to signal that the time is up. Groupmates should help one another. The winning team will be rewarded according to your reward system (additional points, candies, stickers, etc.).